India asks Pakistan to destroy 42 operational terror camps

, by indianmilitaryveterans

NEW DELHI, Sept 28: India has asked Pakistan to destroy the 42 terror camps operational there, saying that a resurgent Taliban could be a "security threat" to the country after US forces pull out from Afghanistan.

"There are 42 terror camps which are still operational. We want all of them to be destroyed," Defence Minister A K Antony told reporters on the sidelines of the Coast Guard Commanders' Conference in New Delhi when asked about India's concerns over the existing terror camps in Pakistan.

In the recent past, reports have suggested that a large number of terrorists are waiting on the other side of the Line of Control (LoC) to infiltrate into Jammu and Kashmir.

To a query on the impact of the pullout by the US forces from Afghanistan in the next couple of years, he said, a resurgent Taliban can be a "security concern for us" after western forces leaves the war-torn country.

American troops are scheduled to leave Afghanistan by 2014 and are engaged in t


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Address of Shri Kapil Sibal during the ‘General Policy Debate’ at the 36th Session of the General Conference of UNESCO

, by indianmilitaryveterans

Following is the text of the address by Shri Kapil Sibal, Minister of Human Resource Development, during the ‘General Policy Debate’ at the 36th Session of the General Conference of UNESCO on 28th October 2011:

“ We are at a critical juncture in history. The past is collapsing and the future uncertain. The shadow of an economic crisis in the developed world lingers. The aspirations of the marginalized and disempowered are on the rise. The centre of gravity of economic activity is shifting. Established global and financial structures are under challenge.

International organisations must recognise and reflect upon the realities of the contemporary world. We need a new vision, a fresh resolve. The ICT revolution has changed the dynamics of conversations and interactions of people within nations and beyond territorial boundaries. Technologies have connected people like never before. We need to re-define our roles and relationships within the global order.

Tomorrow’s youth will catalyse and be at the forefront of the change we badly need. But we need to empower them. We will fail our future generations if we do not create the necessary environment for their self-realisation.

Education is the only real tool of empowerment. Western nations and East Asia reaped the benefits of the demographic dividend. Now the fruits of this dividend are seeded in India, the Middle East and Africa. The youth here represent the powerhouse of the global economy. If we fail them, they will fail us.

We, in this great Assembly, must realize and accept that the nature and idiom of education has changed. Apart from conquering new frontiers of knowledge, we need new knowledge to solve problems. Everyday problems of ordinary people. They are the new aspirants emerging from the ICT revolution. The solutions we provide them must be accessible and affordable. The idiom of education has changed also because the nature of learning has changed. Information moves across borders freely. It is shared instantaneously. Collaborative knowledge generation will be at the heart of education. Only through shared knowledge will we be able to resolve the challenges that confront the global community.

Added to this is the reality of the increasing hiatus between the rich and the poor, within and between nations; the disconnect between the two sides of the digital divide. The resource rich continue to be poor.

So let us pledge to empower our young. Let us enrich them with the tools needed to protect their future.

Last year, India achieved a historic milestone. We constitutionally protected the right to elementary education by enacting an enabling legislation. We are implementing it with effect from 1st April 2010.

Quality of education, however, continues to remains a concern.

Literacy in the 21st century will carry a different connotation. It will no longer mean knowledge of the three “r’s”, but the ability to connect and comprehend

We have taken the lead in attempting to develop an access device – Aakash (meaning ‘sky”) - that aims to provide a medium for every child to access the digital world and to learn from the vast repositories of knowledge contained therein. Aakash presently costs less than $50 and our endeavour is to further reduce the cost to less than $35. We are going to provide Aakash to every student in higher education and gradually to every child in secondary education. We dedicate this device to the children of the world. We will equip our children with the tools to face the challenges of the 21st century.

I also believe that the nature of delivery of educational services in higher education is changing rapidly. It may be too early to write the epitaph for the classroom, but the classrooms of the 21st century will be different from those that served us in the past. The content of pedagogy too would be radically altered. The silos that fragmented knowledge have already started collapsing. Customized learning across cultures will be the dominant theme of higher education. We need to open up the university as a learning space, embrace collaborative knowledge production, and break down the walls between institutions. The university as a physical entity may no longer remain the unit of learning space.

The 20th century witnessed an era of confrontation. The world stood divided. Let the 21st century usher in an era of collaboration. That will help unite the world. That is the change we desire. That is the change we want to see. Let UNESCO be at the forefront of that change. I have no doubt that the Director-General under her able leadership will endeavour to position UNESCO in a way that will help us all realize the aspirations of future generations. Under her leadership, UNESCO is seen to be not only caring and compassionate but also professional, efficient and responsive. I wish to thank the Director-General for her harmonious, constructive and comprehensive approach to all issues.

I wish the delegates to this Conference fruitful consultations in the days ahead. Let us usher in a new era of partnerships in education, science and culture – the three pillars of a collaborative 21st century.” 


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Russia launches space freighter after August crash

, by indianmilitaryveterans

After a disaster that hit a cargo spaceship launch last August, Russia on Sunday successfully launched a freighter spacecraft with almost three-tons of supplies crucial for sustaining the manned missions on the International Space Station (ISS).
A Progress M-13M spaceship carrying nearly three tons of cargo for the ISS successfully blasted off from Baikonur at 15.41 IST today, ITAR—TASSreported quoting space officials present at the cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The spacecraft will dock with the space station on Wednesday.
The outcome of the mission will determine the future of manned operations at the ISS, local experts say.
It is the first launch of a Progress series cargo ship since a crash on August 24, first in over three decades of the regular launches.
The probe revealed that the launch vehicle’s third-stage engine shut down prematurely and later it was discovered that the problem was caused by a low fuel feed, and all engines currently in stock were returned to the manufacturer for inspection.
The Progress M-13M spacecraft is packed with 2.9 tons of food, fuel and supplies, including crucial stocks of oxygen and water.
It is also carrying a substantial load of maintenance gear, spare parts and a mini satellite Chibis-M, to study lightning and thunderstorms in the Earth’s atmosphere, Russia’s Federal Roscosmos space agency said.


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Sebastian Vettel wins inaugural Indian Grand Prix

, by indianmilitaryveterans

GREATER NOIDA: World champion Sebastian Vettel made history by winning India's first everFormula One with ease on Sunday as McLaren's Jenson Button tightened his grip on the championship's second place. 
Formula One Race Centre | Formula One Statistics | In Pics: Indian Grand Prix 
Red Bull's Vettel led throughout for his 11th victory of the season, finishing some 8.4 seconds ahead of Button with Ferrari's Fernando Alonsothird and Australian Mark Webber fourth. 
Seven-time champion Michael Schumacherbattled to fifth but McLaren's Lewis Hamiltoncame in seventh after yet another collision with his Ferrari bete noire, Felipe Massa. 
"My pace was good up until the crash. After the crash, we struggled," said the 2008 champion. 
 But wire-to-wire Vettel was in a class of his own at the all-new Buddh International Circuit near New Delhi as he closed on Michael Schumacher's 2004 record of 13 wins in one year, with two races left this season. 
 "Yes boys! Yes, we did it," Vettel shouted over the team radio as he finished. "The first Indian Grand Prix. Fantastic challenge, we did it!" 
 In dry, 30 Celsius (86 Fahrenheit) heat, India's debut Grand Prix got off to a furious start when Rubens Barrichello was hit on the first turn and three cars ended up off-track, before Jarno Trulli found himself on grass. 
 Vettel made no mistake from pole position but Button nipped past Webber and Alonso to go from fourth on the grid to second, cueing up an early dogfight with the Australian Red Bull driver. 
As they duelled, Vettel opened up a lead of nearly five seconds and after the first set of stops, the young German emerged from the pit lane still at the head of the field. 
Williams' Pastor Maldonado was the first retirement with a gearbox problem and Sebastian Buemi had to stop his Toro Rosso when it started pouring smoke. 
And there were fireworks on lap 24 when Hamilton, trapped on the inside by Massa as they hared towards a left-hand turn, shunted the Ferrari driver across the track in the latest of a series of collisions between the two. 
Massa was given a drive-through penalty and Hamilton pitted for a new front wing, but the Brazilian's race soon ended in farce as a kerb shattered his front suspension - a replay of the mishap he suffered in qualifying. 
Button threatened to close the gap on Vettel in the final laps but there was no catching Formula One's youngest ever back-to-back champion and he punched the air as he took the chequered flag in front of the giant grandstand. 
The race's build-up has been overshadowed by two deaths in motorsports this month and the controversial spectacle of glamorous Formula One appearing in one of India's poorest regions. 
But its private-sector organisers are already celebrating a smooth and successful event which has helped bury memories of last year's Commonwealth Games, which are remembered for their poor organisation and corruption.


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Defence Pension Adalat

, by indianmilitaryveterans

As per the Annual action Plan of Controller General of Defence Accounts, New Delhi in consultation with the Ministry of Defence, the Principal Controller of Defence Accounts (Pensions) Allahabad will be organising a Defence Pension Adalat at UDAIPUR (Rajasthan) during the month of December, 2011 for redressal of grievances of Defence pensioners including Defence Civilians drawing pension through PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS, TOs’ and DPDOs in the State of Rajasthan and adjoining areas.

 Any Defence Pensioners / Defence Family Pensioners / Defence Civilian and their families having any specific grievances relating to sanction or disbursement of Defence pension are requested to submit their representation, in writing, in duplicate to :

Sri S M Deshpande,
Pension Adalat Officer 
O/o Principal CDA (Pensions),
Draupadi Ghat, 

A format of the representation is given on website Applicants are advised to apply as per the format, for easy processing of their applications. 

Kindly Note
Applications can either be sent by post or by E-Mail
Two copies of the applications should be sent
Photocopies of Pension payment order, Corr PPO, discharge certificate (wherever required) and other documents must be enclosed
Each application will be allotted a unique Adalat Registration Number. The same should be quoted in all future correspondence.
Individual call letters notifying the date and venue of the Adalat will be sent in due course
Incomplete and unsigned representations will be rejected.
The Venue & Date of the Adalat will be notified in electronic and print media shortly.

TA/DA will not be reimbursed to pensioners/individuals attending the Adalat for redressal of their pension related problems.


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Good Photos

, by indianmilitaryveterans

Wildflower Railway
Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia

Convoy for Kids Woody Point 2011 


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List of Holidays 2012 (Tamilnadu)

, by indianmilitaryveterans


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List of Holidays 2012

, by indianmilitaryveterans

January 1 Sunday New Year's Day
January 5 Thursday Guru Govind Singh's birthday
January 11 Wednesday Id ul Zuha (Bakrid - Feast of the Sacrifice)
January 13 Friday Bhogi (Andrah Pradesh)
January 13 Friday Maghi (Sikh)
January 13 Friday Lohri (HP, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi)
January 14 Saturday Makra Sankaranti
January 15 Sunday Kanuma (Andhra Pradesh)
January 15 Sunday Pongal
January 16 Monday Thiruvalluvar Day (Tamil Nadu)
January 25 Wednesday Statehood Day (Himachal Pradesh)
January 26 Thursday Republic Day
January 31 Tuesday Guru Har Rai Sahib's birthday (Sikh)

February 2 Thursday Basanta Panchami / Shree Panchami
February 5 Sunday Bhim Ashtami
February 6 Monday Madhva Navami (Karnataka)
February 9 Thursday Muharram (Islamic New Year)
February 13 Monday Guru Ravi Dass's birthday
February 23 Thursday Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti
February 26 Sunda Maha Shivaratri (Smarta) - main
February 27 Monday Maha Shivaratri (Vaishnav) - Gujarat

March 14 Tuesday Sikh New Year's Day (Nanakshahi calendar)
March 14 Tuesday Holi (Holika Dahana)
March 15 Wednesday Holi / Holika / Medin Poya / Dola Purnima
March 15 Wednesday Hola Mohalla (Sikh)
March 21 Tuesday Abayeen (Andhra Pradesh)
March 22 Wednesday Sheetela Pujanam
March 30 Thursday Chaitra Sukhladi / Gudi Padava / Ugadi / Cheti Chand

April 06 Thursday Ram Navami
April 11 Tuesday Mahavir Jayanti
April 11 Tuesday Milad-un-Nabi (Prophet Mohammed's birthday)
April 12 Wednesday Aratt at Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
April 13 Thursday Hanuman Jayanti
April 13 Thursday Maundy Thursday (Kerala)
April 14 Friday Tamil New Year
April 14 Friday Baisakhi (birth anniversary of the Khalsa)
April 14 Friday Dr B.R. Ambedkar's birthday
April 14 Friday Good Friday
April 14 Friday Mesadi
April 15 Saturday Vishu
April 15 Saturday Vaiskhadi (Bengal)/ Bahag Bihu (Assam)
April 15 Saturday Himachal day (Himachal Pradesh)
April 16 Sunday Easter
April 18 Tuesday Guru Angad Sahib's birthday (Sikh)
April 18 Tuesday Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib's birthday (Sikh)
April 26 Wednesday Basaveshwara Jayanthi (Karnataka)

May 01 Monday May Day
May 01 Monday Maharashtra Day
May 02 Tuesday Guru Arjun Sahib's birthday (Sikh)
May 10 Wednesday Yaz Dahun Shareef (Andhra Pradesh)
May 11 Thursday Nrisinha Jayanti (Gujarat)
May 13 Saturday Buddha Purnima
May 15 Monday Dunghri mela (HP, 1st day)
May 16 Tuesday Dunghri mela (HP, 2nd day)
May 17 Wednesday Old Manali mela (as part of Dunghri mela)
May 23 Tuesday Guru Amar Das Sahib's birthday (Sikh)

June 06 Tuesday Ganga Dashami
June 16 Friday Guru Arjan Dev Sahib's Martyrdom Day
June 22 Thursday Hazrat Mohd Jonpuri's birthday (AP)
June 27 Tuesday Rath Yatra

July 05 Wednesday Guru Hargobinds birthday (Sikh)
July 11 Tuesday Guru Purnima (Vyas pujan)
July 23 Sunday Guru Harkrishan Sahib' birthday (Sikh)
July 24 Monday Karkkadaka Vavu (Kerala)
July 30 Sunday Nag Panchami (South India)
July 31 Monday Randhan (Gujarat)

August 01 Tuesday Sitala Satan (Gujarat)
August 03 Thursday Nori Nem (Gujarat)
August 04 Friday Varalakshmi Vratham (Andhra Pradesh)
August 08 Tuesday Hazrat Ali's birthday
August 09 Wednesday Sravana Purnima (Andhra Pradesh)
August 09 Wednesday Raksha Bandhan, or Rakhi
August 09 Wednesday Avani Avittom (Kerala)
August 15 Tuesday Independence Day
August 16 Wednesday Janmashtami (Smarta) / Sri Krishna Jayanti
August 17 Thursday Janmashtami (Vaishnava)
August 20 Sunday Parsi New Year (Shahenshahi)
August 22 Tuesday Shab-e-Meraj (Andhra Pradesh)
August 27 Sunday Varasiddhi Sri Vinayaka Vratha (Karnataka)
August 27 Sunday Ganesh Chaturthi / Vinayaka Chaturthi
August 28 Monday Ganesh Chaturthi (2nd day) / Nuakhai(KA)
August 29 Tuesday Rishi Panchami

September 01 Friday First Parkash Guru Granth Sahib (Sikh)
September 04 Monday First Onam (Kerala)
September 05 Tuesday Onam (Thiru Onam - main Onam)
September 06 Wednesday Third Onam
September 07 Thurday Forth Onam / Sri Narayana Guru Jayanthi (Kerala)
September 08 Friday Pitr-paksha (start; till 22/09)
September 08 Friday Shab-e-Baraat (Karnataka)
September 21 Thurday Sri Narayana Guru Samadhi Day (Kerala)
September 21 Thurday Shastradi hatanam (Shraddha)
September 22 Friday Mahalaya Amavasya (Andhra Pradesh)
September 22 Friday Sarva Pitri shraddha
September 23 Saturday Navaratri (start; till 01/10)
September 29 Friday Dussehra (Maha Saptami)
September 29 Friday Saraswati Puja (part of Navratri)
September 30 Saturday Dussehra (Maha Ashtami)

October 01 Sunday Dussehra (Maha Navami)
October 02 Monday Gandhi Jayanti
October 02 Monday Dussehra (Vijay Dashami)
October 02 Monday 1st day of Kullu Dussehra (HP)
October 07 Saturday Maharishi Valmiki's birthday
October 09 Monday Guru Ramdas Sahib's birthday
October 10 Tuesday Karva Chauth
October 19 Thursday Dhan Teras
October 20 Friday Guru Granth Sahib Holy Scriptures installation
October 20 Friday Naraka Chaturdasi
October 20 Friday Jamat-Ul-Vida
October 20 Friday Deepawali (South India) / Lakshmi Puja
October 21 Saturday Diwali (Deepawali) / Bandi Chor Diwas
October 22 Sunday Govardhan Puja
October 24 Tuesday Bhai Duj
October 25 Wednesday Id ul Fitr (Eid,end of Ramadan / Ramzan)
October 30 Monday Aratt at Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)

November 01 Wednesday Kannada Rajyotsava (Karnataka)
November 05 Sunday Guru Nanak's birthday (Parkash)
November 24 Friday Guru Teg Bahadur's Martyrdom day

December 01 Friday Gita Jayanti
December 24 Sunday Christmas Eve
December 25 Monday Christmas


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How to reduce stress in daily life

, by indianmilitaryveterans

The old saying that 'prevention is better than cure' certainly holds true for stress management.

Regarded as a clinical problem, stress is experienced by almost every individual in varying forms and degrees every day. This is primarily due to the hassles, demands and frustrations of daily life. Besides this, you would also be surprised to find out that much of your stress is also due to a disorganized, and cluttered lifestyle. In small doses, stress can definitely help motivate and stimulate you to get things done. But, if the level of pressure gets too high, it might affect your mental and physical functioning. Here are a few ways in which you can reduce and eliminate stress...

What is stress?
Stress is regarded as a normal physical response that is experienced when there is an imbalance between demands imposed on us and our ability to cope with them. Contrary to what most people believe, stress is not necessarily harmful. For many people, stress acts as a motivation to help them perform better.

However, when the level of stress surpasses our ability to cope with it, we often feel hassled and drained. Also, it is vital to understand that the same amount of stress may be different for different people. Tasks that are easy for you to handle might be quite stressful for a second individual. Hence, identifying our stress level is as important as recognizing the triggering factors.

Stress response: The stress response is your body's way of protecting you during conditions of emergency or extremely stressful situations. This theory dictates how an individual reacts to situations that are challenging - both physically and mentally. Whenever your body senses any kind of danger, it immediately triggers a rapid, automatic process called the "fight or flight" response or the stress response. This mechanism involves releasing hormones and glucose into your blood-stream to provide alertness and extra energy.

Major causes of stress or stressors:
One of the biggest causes of present day stress is financial problems. Lack of money can lead to many unwanted situations like piling up of debts, credit card payments and other such conditions. In fact, financial stress tops the list of stressors as it takes a heavy toll on your mind and body.

Another major cause of stress is issues in the workplace like conflicts with colleagues, working for excessive hours or extra work pressure.

Sometimes, stress may also arise due to relationship hassles or conflicts with spouses, children and relatives.

Stress may also occur due to health concerns. Conditions like heart disease, hypertension or eye problems may become a major cause of life stress for many individuals.

Tips to control stress: In order to lead a healthy and stress-free life, it is vital to follow certain guidelines or steps. They will help you get a better control over life and alter the way you view stress or its trigger factors.

Regular exercise: Not surprisingly, exercise is one of the best ways to deal with stress. A regular 20-30 minutes of physical activity every day is vital to decrease stress hormones like cortisol and increase your body's feel good chemicals called endorphins. Besides this, certain forms of exercise like martial arts or boxing can act as an outlet for releasing all your vent-up emotions and frustrations.

Relaxation techniques: This not only involves taking time to relax everyday but also employing certain basic relaxation techniques. This involves deep breathing techniques, meditation and practicing different yoga postures to relax your body muscles.

Balanced diet: What you put inside your body also determines your ability to cope with stress or anxiety. A balanced diet comprising fresh fruits and vegetables is a must to reverse the negative impacts of stress and lead a healthy life.

Avoid stressful situations: As far as possible, ensure that you avoid unnecessary arguments, conflicts or any other stressful situation. Try to keep yourself calm in every way and avoid indulging in unnecessary situations.

Sleep: Finally, a regular 7-8 hours of uninterrupted sleep is also important to relax your mind and body. If you face any difficulty in sleep, you can also make use of relaxation techniques like listening to music or reading a book.

(Source: emedicinehealth,, Tips to reduce stress)


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Heavy drinking ups lung cancer risk

, by indianmilitaryveterans

Heavy alcohol consumption may increase the risk of developing lung cancer, while higher BMI and increased consumption of black tea and fruit could reduce the risk of the deadly disease, a new research has suggested.

The researchers studied 126,293 people who provided baseline data from 1978 to1985 and followed them until 2008 to determine their risk for developing lung cancer in relation to cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, gender, ethnicity, BMI, and level of education.

Of the 1,852 people who developed lung cancer during this time, results showed that cigarette smoking remained a strong predictor of all types of lung cancer; however, heavy alcohol consumption (>3 alcoholic drinks per day) also increased lung cancer risk, with a slightly higher risk related to heavy beer consumption as opposed to wine and liquor.

"Heavy drinking has multiple harmful effects, including cardiovascular complications and increased risk for lung cancer, said Stanton Siu, MD, FCCP, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland,California.

"We did not see a relationship between moderate drinking and lung cancer development. So it appears probable that most middle-aged and older moderate drinkers have coronary artery protection and no increased risk of lung cancer risk."

Although researchers found several factors that increased lung cancer risk, other factors were found to be related to reduced risk of the disease.

Dr. Siu and team found an inverse relationship between BMI and lung cancer risk, where higher BMI levels were associated with a lower risk for lung cancer. A similar relationship was seen in those who graduated from college.

"Explanations are not evident, but people with more education probably have a generallyhealthy lifestyle," said Dr. Siu. "The BMI-cancer association was independent of smoking, and we speculate that nutritional factors may be involved."

The study was presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).


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Infantry Day celebrated at Mhow

, by indianmilitaryveterans

INDORE: Infantry School at Mhow celebrated Infantry Day on Friday. The day is celebrated to commemorate the landing of the first regiment of the Indian Army in Srinagar 64years ago to defend Kashmir.
Speaking on the occasion Lt Gen KJS Oberoi, commandant of Infantry School stressed on the tradition of Infantry soldiers to get associated with humanitarian relief in natural calamities and shouldering additional responsibilities in peace keeping mission to bring global peace on behalf of the United Nations.
Infantry operates in all types of terrain be it air, land, water, mountains, glaciated super high altitude area, desert, riverine etc. It is this trait which has earned it the coveted of 'Queen of the Battle', he said.


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BSF celebrates Diwali mela

, by indianmilitaryveterans

SILCHAR: A diwali mela was organised by theBorder Security Force (BSF) of Mizoram and Cachar frontier at its headquarters in Mashimpur in association with BSF sector Hq Silchar on Wednesday. 136 Masimpur battalion, 63 Dholchera battalion and 115 Karimganj battalion along with other BSF officers of various ranks and their families participated in the mela. Local civilians also took keen interest in the mela.
M L Batham, IG, BSF Frontier Hq Mizoram and Cachar was the chief guest of the mela.
The stalls established by the BSF sold sweets, fast food, clothes, cosmetics etc, serving both personnel and civilians. A cultural programme, musical chair for the wives of BSF officers, tambola, jalebi and obstacle race for children, tug of war, needle and thread race for BSF couples etc were also organized by the BSF personnel. Prizes were distributed to the winners of the events by the chief guest.
In the closing address of the mela, the chief guest M L Batham, IG thanked everyone for organizing such a grand mela and wished that Diwali may bring happiness and prosperity for all the BSF personnel, their families and the local civilians.
He also conveyed diwali wishes to those BSF jawans who are performing round the clock duties on the international border for effective area domination.


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Unfit Army? Survey finds 30% overweight

, by indianmilitaryveterans

NEW DELHI: A study on the health of Indian Army personnel has thrown up worrying results. Four out of five personnel surveyed, including officers, were found suffering from pre-hypertension, about a third were overweight and two-thirds had low levels of good cholesterol (HDL), caused by lack of exercise. 

The sample survey was conducted by the defence ministry and Indian Council of Medical Research on 767 'healthy' personnel including 130 officers. Their ages ranged from 18 to 50 years. 

The study also found a majority of the personnel had bad eating habits. Most of them added salt or pickle to their food and used ghee/butter regularly. 

Alarmingly, the prevalence of pre-hypertension in the group was higher than in the general population. While 40-60% of Indians show these symptoms, it was as high as 80% among the Armymen. Pre-hypertension is a risk factor for heart disease and is characterized by mildly high blood pressure - 120-139mm Hg systolic pressure and a diastolic pressure of 80-89. 

Almost 67% were found to have low HDL cholesterol level - a sign of low physical activity. More embarrassingly, 30% had a body-mass ratio of over 23, putting them in the overweight category.

Young Armymen must cut down on smoking and go easy with their salt and ghee, says a recent survey that found more than 80% personnel suffering from pre-hypertension, a risk factor for heart disease. 

"Lifestyle modifications such as reducing the intake of saturated fats and salt in diet and reducing smoking can achieve a downward shift in the overall blood pressure, thus reducing the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease," says the survey conducted by the defence ministry and Indian Council of Medical Research. 

The study, published in the latest issue of the Indian Journal of Medical Research, was conducted over two years. Of 767 personnel studied, 670 were married. Personnel with known history of ischemic heart disease, hypertension, obesity and diabetes were excluded from the study and only "healthy" ones included. 

Most of the soldiers identified as pre-hypertensive were in the habit of using extra salt and pickles and had a lot of ghee or butter. "In the Army, we have an authorization scale for ration which includes fresh vegetables, fruits, bread, butter, rice and milk among others. But people also eat from outside. The diet differs from person to person," an Army officer said.

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