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Monday, 16 July 2018

Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

Traffic Offences and Penalties in India
The Indian Road rules, titled “Rules of the Road Regulation”, were brought into effect since July, 1989. These rules are germane to the Indian drivers (all inclusive of two, three and four wheelers), while on the road to ensure an orderly traffic and a safer journey. Violation of these “Rules of Road Regulation” is a punishable transgression as per the city specific traffic police rules and the “Motor Vehicle Act”.

Enforcement of these traffic laws – rules, regulations and acts can bear out the road accidents. These laws are enforced by issuing challans in the name of the offenders and teaching them a lesson by making them pay penalties. An indicative list of the possible offences and their respective penalties is formulated below:

1. OFFENCES RELATED TO DOCUMENTS
S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

1.1Driving without a Valid LicenseRs. 500/- and /or imprisonment ( 3 months)3 r/w 181 MVA

1.2Allowing vehicle to be driven by a person who does not possess a Valid License.Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months)5 r/w 180 MVA

1.3Not carrying documents as required.Rs. 100/-130(3) r/w 177 MVA

1.4Driving without Valid Insurance.Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months)130 r/w 177 MVA

1.5Driving without Valid Permit.Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-)130 r/w 177 MVA

1.6Driving without Valid Fitness.Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-)130 r/w 177 MVA

1.7Vehicle without R.C.Rs 2000/-39 r/w192 MVA

2. OFFENCES RELATED TO DRIVING
S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

2.1.1Driving by Minor .Rs. 500/-4 r/w 181 MVA
2.1.2Allowing Unauthorized person to drive .Rs. 1000/-5 r/w 180 MVA
2.1.3Driving without Helmet.Rs. 100/-129 r/w177 MVA
2.1.4Seat Belts not fastened.Rs. 100/-138(3) CMVR
177 MVA
2.1.5Rough/Rash/Negligent Driving .Rs. 1000/-184 MVA
2.1.6Dangerous or hasty Driving.Rs.1000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)112-183 MVA
2.1.7Not Driving in Proper Lane.Court Challan66 r/w 192 MVA
2.1.8Driving in the center and not to left side.Rs.100/-2 RRR r/w 177 MVA
2.1.9Driving against One Way.Rs.100/-17 (i) RRR 177 MVA
2.1.10Reversing without due care and attention.Rs. 100/-MMVR 233
177 MVA
2.1.11Taking “U” turn during outlawed hours.Rs.100/-12 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.12Failing to take precaution while taking a “Turn”.Rs.100/-3 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.13Failing to decelerate at intersection.Rs.100/-8 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.14Failing to carry on left of traffic island.Rs.100/-2 RRR
177 MVA
2.1.15Carrying persons on Footboard.Rs.100/-123-177 MVA
2.1.16Carrying persons causing hindrance to the driver.Rs.100/-125-177 MVA
2.1.17Trippling.Rs. 100/-128/177 MVA
2.1.18Driving on Footpath.Rs.100/-RRR 177 MVA
2.1.19Stopping at pedestrian crossing or crossing a Stop Line.Rs.100/-RRR 177 MVA
2.2Road Marking Related Offences
2.2.1Violation of Yellow Line.Rs. 100/-119/177 MVA
2.2.2Violation of Stop Line.Rs. 100/-113(1)/177 DMVR
2.2.3Violation of Mandatory Signs .Rs. 100/-119/177 MVA
2.3Number Plate Related Offences
2.3.1Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving.Rs.100/-CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA
2.3.2Displaying ‘Applied For’.Rs. 4500/-39/192 MVA
2.4Vehicle Light Related Offences
2.4.1Improper use of headlights/tail light for vehicle used in driving.Rs.100/-CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA
2.4.2Using High Beam where not required.Rs. 100/-112(G) A DMVR
177 MVA
2.5Horn Related Offences
2.5.1Driving without Horn.Rs. 100/-119(1)/177 CMVR
2.5.2Improper horn usage while driving.Rs.100/-CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA
2.6Traffic Police Related Offences
2.6.1Disobeying Traffic Police Officer in uniform.Rs. 100/-119 MVA
22(a) RRR
177 MVA
2.6.2Driving against Police Signal.Rs. 100/-119 r/w 177 MVA
2.6.3Disobeying manual Traffic Signal.Rs. 100/-239 MMVR
22(a) RRR
177 MVA
2.7Traffic Signal Related Offences
2.7.1Disobeying Traffic signal / Sign Board.Rs. 100/-22(b) RRR
239 MMVR
177 MVA
2.7.2Failing to give Signal.Rs. 100/-121 RRR
177 MVA
2.7.3Jumping Signal.Rs.100/-119/177 MVA
2.8Speed and Overtake Related Offences
2.8.1Exceeding the prescribed Speed Limits.Up to Rs.1000/-112-183 MVA
2.8.2Abetment for Over Speeding .Rs.300/-112/183(2) MVA
2.8.3Overtaking perilously.Rs.100/-6 (a) RRR r/w 177 MVA
2.8.4Failing to confer way to sanction Overtaking.Rs.100/-7 RRR
177 MVA
2.8.5Overtaking from Wrong Side .Rs. 100/-RRR 6/1/177 MVA
2.9Other Offences
2.9.1Disobeying Lawful Directions.Rs. 500/-132/179 MVA
2.9.2Driving under influence of Alcohol / Drugs.Rs.2000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)185 MVA
2.9.3Using Mobile Phone while Driving.Up to 1000/-184 MVA
2.9.4Leaving vehicle in unoccupied engine.Rs.100/-126-177 MVA
2.9.5Leaving vehicle in unsafe position.Rs.100/-122 177 MVA
2.9.6In case of a minor Accident.Rs. 1000/-184 MVA
2.9.7Playing music while Driving.Rs. 100/-102/177 MVA
2.9.8Driving without Silencer.Rs. 100/-120/190(2)/177CMVR
2.9.9Driving when mentally or physically unfit.Court Challan186 MVA
3. OFFENCES RELATED TO TOWING OF VEHICLES

S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

3.1Two Wheeler.Rs.100/-RRR 177 MVA
3.2Car , Jeep, Taxi, Auto Rickshaw.Rs.200/-RRR 177 MVA
3.3Truck, Tanker, Trailor.Rs.600/-RRR 177 MVA

4. OFFENCES RELATED TO POLLUTION
S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

4.1Smoking in Public Transport.Rs. 100/-86(1)(5)/177 DMVR
4.2Pollution Not Under Control.Rs. 100/-99(1)(a)/177 DMVR
4.3Fixing multi-toned/shrill horn.Rs.500/-119 CMVR
190(2) MVA
4.4Blowing Pressure Horn.Rs. 100/-96(1)/177 DMVR
4.5Silencer/muffler making noise.Rs.500/-CMVR 120
190(2) MVA
4.6Smoky Exhaust.Rs.500/-115 CMVR
190(2) MVA
4.7Using horn in Silence Zone.Rs.100/-21(ii) RRR
177 MVA

5. OFFENCES RELATED TO MOTOR VEHICLES
S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

5.1Using Vehicle in Unsafe Conditions.Court Challan192 MVA
5.2When motor vehicle is out of state for more than 12 months.Rs.100/-47-177 MVA
5.3Particulars to be printed on transport vehicles.Rs.100/-84(G)-177 MVA
5.4Without WiperRs.100/-CMVR 101
5,12 177 MVA
5.4Without Side Mirror.Rs.100/-5, 7/177 MVA
5.5Defective tyres.Rs.100/-CMVR 94
5.6No indication board on left hand drive vehicle.Rs.100/-120, 177 MVA
5.7Sale of motor vehicle/alteration of motor vehicle in contravention of Act.Rs.300/-52/191 MVA, 32/192.66/192 MV Act
5.8Vehicles fitted with dark glasses/sun films.Rs.100/-100 CMVR
177 MVA
5.9Driving without proper number plate/ illuminating rear number plate.Rs.100/-236 MMVR
177 MVA
5.10Failing to display public carrier board.Rs.100/-116 MMVR
177 MVA
5.11Using private vehicle for commercial purposes.Rs. 5000/-
( not less than Rs. 2000/-)–
5.12Any sort of misconduct with passengers, not wearing uniform/not displaying badge.Rs.100/-MMVR 21(18)
177 MVA
5.13Overloading a goods vehicle.Rs. 2000/-plus Rs. 1000/- for every additional ton.MMVR 93(u)(i)
177 MVA
5.14Carrying goods in a dangerous or hazardous manner.Imprisonment and/or fine of Rs. 3000/-29 RRR
177 MVA
5.15Infringement of permit conditions.Imprisonment and/or fine of Rs. 5000/-( not less than Rs. 2000/-)–
5.16Use of Colored light on VehicleRs. 100/-97(2)/177 DMVR

6. OFFENCES RELATED TO COMMERCIAL VEHICLES
S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

6.1Plying in ‘NO ENTRY’ TimeUpto 2000/-115/194 MVA
6.Violation of Time TableCourt Challan11/177, 2/177, 66/192 MVA
6.2High and Long / Load in VehiclesRs. 100/-29 RRR/177 MVA
6.3Carrying animals in goods vehicles in contravention of rules.Rs.100/-MMVR 83
177 MVA
6.4Carrying persons dangerously or carrying persons in goods vehicles.Rs.100/-MMVR 108
177 MVA
6.5Goods in Passenger Vehicles––
6.6Dangerous projection of goods.Rs.100/-229 MMVR
29 RRR
177 MVA
6.7Carrying goods unsecured.Rs.100/-MMVR 202
177 MVA
6.Carrying goods more than 11 feet high.Rs.100/-MMVR 93(u) (i)
177 MVA
6.Limit Of weight and limitation on Use.Court Challan113/194(1) MVA
6.Driver refuses to weigh vehicle.Court Challan114/194(2) MVA
6.9Load on Tail Board.Rs.100/-MMVR 202
177 MVA
6.10Misbehavior by Taxi/TSR Driver.Rs. 100/-11(3)/177 DMVR
6.11Over Charging by Taxi/TSR Driver.Rs. 100/-11(8)/177 DMVR
6.12Charging without Meter.Rs. 100/-11(8)/177 DMVR
6.13Refusal by Taxi/TSR Driver.Rs. 100/-11(9)/177 DMVR
6.14Driver without Uniform.Rs. 100/-7/177 DMVR
6.14Driver without Badge.Rs. 100/-22(1)/177 DMVR
6.15Conductor without Uniform.Rs. 100/-23(1)/177 DMVR
6.16Conductor without Badge.Rs. 100/-22(1)/177 DMVR
6.17Stopping without Bus stopCourt Challan66/192 MVA
6.18Power to detain Vehicle used in contravention of section 3.4,39 or 66(1) MV Act.Court Challan207(1) MVA

7. OFFENCES RELATED TO PARKING
S.NOOFFENCESMAXIMUM PENALTYSECTION

7.1Parking in the direction of flow of traffic.Rs.100/-22(a) RRR
177 MVA
7.2Parking away from footpath towards road.Rs.100/-15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.3Parking against flow of traffic.Rs.100/-15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.4Parking causing Obstruction.Rs. 100/-15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.5Parking on a Taxi Stand.Rs. 100/-15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.6Parking in not any prescribed manner.Rs. 100/-15(1) RRR
177 MVA
7.7Parking at any Corner.Rs. 100/-15(i) RRR
177 MVA
7.8Parking within 15 meters on either side of Bus Stop.Rs. 100/-15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.9Parking on Bridge.Rs. 100/-15(2) (i) RRR
177 MVA
7.10Parking at Traffic Island.Rs. 100/-15(i) RRR
177 MVA
7.11Parking in “No” Parking Area.Rs. 100/-15(2) RRR
177 MVA
7.12Parked on Pedestrian Crossing.Rs. 100/-15(2)(iii) RRR
177 MVA
7.13Parking on Footpath.Rs. 100/-15(2)(ii) RRR
177 MVA
7.14Parking in front of a gate.Rs. 100/-15(2)(viii) RRR
177 MVA
7.15Parking causing obstruction.Rs. 100/-15(1) RRR
177 MVA

RRR: Rules of Road Regulations 1989
MVA: Motor Vehicles Act 1988
MMVR: Maharasthra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
CMVR: Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
Besides these provisions, it is mandatory for every driver driving, to carry the following documents while driving:

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